Analisis Faktor Kesulitan Belajar dari Pembelajaran Konvensional Menjadi Pembelajaran E-Learning Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Sejarah IKIP Budi Utomo Malang di Era Perkembangan Tehnologi dan Revolusi Industri 4.0
Covid 19 as a new virus has had an impact in the field of education. The Indonesian government is closing schools to reduce contact in order to save people's lives. The learning process is carried out at home through online learning / e-learning. This is in line with technological advances in the 4.0 industrial revolution. Education is required to improve quality with the aim of improving the quality of Indonesian human resources. IKIP Budi Utomo Malang helps to make government programs a success by providing affordable and quality education. This study aims to determine (1) the application of e-learning and (2) the difficulty factor of learning from conventional learning to e-learning. This research includes qualitative research with phenomenological methods. The research subjects were students of class 2017 and lecturers of the History and Sociology Education Study Program.The research location is at IKIP Budi Utomo. The research instrument was an open questionnaire and structured interviews. The data analysis technique uses Seiddel's inductive qualitative data analysis technique. The results showed that the implementation of e-learning learning for History and Sociology Education study program lecturers was carried out with a digital technology learning management system device such as Siakad IKIP Budi Utomo Malang, google classroom, zoom meeting, youtube, video conference, telephone or live chat, edmodo and WhatsApp. The e-learning learning tools is used to provide features that simplify the learning process. Meanwhile, the difficulty factor experienced by the lecturer was that the lecturer had difficulty seeing the effectiveness of students in the learning process, such as the difficulty of measuring the level of student understanding, and not all lecturers understood about online learning tools. Meanwhile,the students' difficulties are the absence or lack of internet signal, lack of understanding of information technology leading to difficulty in downloading the learning tools, the burden of using quotas and the difference in atmosphere between on-line learning and face-to-face learning.