• Arti Prihatini Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Sugiarti Sugiartii Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Keywords: literacy, student competence, learning innovation,, independent learning, multiliterate learning


The literacy ability of Indonesian students is still deficient. In addition, there is a gap in multiliteracy research to implement the concept of independent learning. This study aims to describe two focuses, namely (1) student competencies developed through multiliteracy learning and (2) the innovation of multiliteracy learning. This research is classified as a literature review with data from scientific articles sourced from accredited national scientific journals. Data was collected by using documentation technique by purposive sampling. Data analysis was carried out in several stages, namely (1) analyzing the title, objectives, methods, and results of the research, (2) analyzing student competencies and multiliterate learning innovations through coding activities in the Atlas.ti 9 qualitative data analysis application, (3) analyzing the findings with simple statistics with Ms. Excel, (4) compares the pattern of findings in the study with Atlas.ti 9, and (5) interprets the findings. The results showed that the competence of students developed in multiliteracy learning was dominated by language skills (60%), then literacy skills (18%), thinking skills (14%), and other abilities (8%). Based on the innovation, the development of multiliteracy learning (54%) was more than its application (46%). The development of multiliteracy learning is carried out by developing models, teaching materials, learning tools, media, and learning methods. The application is carried out in implementing learning in various subjects at various levels of education in Indonesia.

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