Struktur komunitas hama tiga kultivar cabai rawit pada pengaplikasian pestisida nabati

  • Hesti Kurniahu Program Studi Biologi, Universitas PGRI Ronggolawe Tuban, Tuban, Indonesia
  • Rifa’atul Maulani Program Studi Biologi, Universitas PGRI Ronggolawe Tuban, Tuban, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Rizza Pahlevi Program Studi Agroteknologi, Universitas Kahuripan Kediri, Kediri, Indonesia
Keywords: Cayenne pepper, Pests, Plant-based pesticides

Abstract

The utilization of plant-based pesticides and the selection of cultivars of cayenne pepper have not been well optimized by farmers. The purpose of the study was to analyze the types of cayenne pepper pests, examine the association of cayenne pepper cultivars against pest attacks, and analyze the application of plant-based pesticides to pest visits. The research method is experimental with a completely randomized design. The samples of this study are Sret, Mhanu XR, and Cakra Hijau. The research instrument is observation sheets of pest communities before and after the application of plant-based pesticides. The type and number of pests are directly observed and identified in the laboratory. Data on the influence of cayenne pepper cultivar on pest populations were analyzed by ANOVA test while the effect of using plant-based pesticides using t-test. The results showed that pests such as Aphis sp., Polyphagotarsonemus sp., Thrips sp., Bactrocera sp. and Chrysodeixis sp.. Statistical tests showed cayenne pepper cultivar did not influence pest visits while the application of plant-based pesticides had a effect on the decrease in Thrips sp. and Aphis sp.. The conclusion of this study, namely five types of pests attack three cayenne pepper cultivars, the selection of three cayenne pepper cultivars does not affect pest visits, and the application of plant-based pesticides can reduce the number of pest visits Thrips sp. and Aphis sp. significantly.

References

Agustina, S., Widodo, P., & Hidayah, H. A. (2014). Analisis Fenetik Kultivar Cabai Besar Capsicum annum L. Dan Cabai Kecil Capsicum frutescens L. Scripta Biologica, 1(1), 117–125. Retrieved from https://journal.bio.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/scribio/article/view/36

Cheng, G. X., Li, R. J., Wang, M., Huang, L. J., Khan, A., Ali, M., & Gong, Z. H. (2018). Variation In Leaf Color And Combine Effect Of Pigments On Physiology And Resistance To Whitefly Of Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 229, 215–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2017.11.014

Haerul, Idrus, I. M., & Risnawati. (2016). Efektifitas Pestisida Nabati Dalam Mengendalikan Hama Pada Tanaman Cabai. Jurnal Agrominansia, 1(2), 129–136. https://doi.org/10.34003/271888

Hasyim, A., Setiawati, W., Marhaeni, L. S., Lukman, L., & Hudayya, A. (2017). Bioaktivitas Enam Ekstrak Tumbuhan Untuk Pengendalian Hama Tungau Kuning Cabai Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks (Acari :Tarsonemidae) di Laboratorium. Jurnal Hortikultura, 27(2), 217–230. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v27n2.2017.p217-230

Kasim, N. N., Nasaruddin, A., & Melina. (2017). Identifikasi Thrips (Thysanoptera) Pada Tanaman Tomat Dan Cabai Di Tiga Kabupaten. Journal Tabaro, 1(1), 67–77. Retrieved from http://ojs.unanda.ac.id/index.php/jtas/article/view/18

Kementan. (2012). Database Varietas Terdaftar Hortikultura. Retrieved from http://varitas.net/dbvarietas/

Kementan. (2015). Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Subsektor Hortikultura Cabai. Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Sekretariat Jenderal Kementrian Pertanian. Retrieved from http://epublikasi.setjen.pertanian.go.id/arsip-outlook/76-outlook-hortikultura/355-outlook-cabai-2015

Kumar, R., & Raj Gautam, H. (2014). Climate Change and its Impact on Agricultural Productivity in India. Journal of Climatology & Weather Forecasting, 2(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.4172/2332-2594.1000109

Luhukay, J. N., Uluputty, M. R., & Rumthe, R. Y. (2013). Respons Lima Varietas Kubis (Brassica oleracea L.) Terhadap Serangan Hama Pemakan Daun Plutella Xylostella (Lepidoptera; Plutellidae). Agrologia, 2(2), 164–167. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.30598/a.v2i2.271

Mesmoudi, K., Soudani, A., & Bournet, P. (2010). Determination Of The Inside Air Temperature Of A Greenhouse With Tomato Crop Under Hot And Arid Climates. Journal of Applied Science in Environmental Sanitation, 5(2), 117–129. Retrieved from https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00729706/

Moekasan, T. K. (2012). Penggunaan Rumah Kasa Untuk Mengatasi Serangan Organisme Pengganggu Tumbuhan Pada Tanaman Cabai Merah Di Dataran Rendah, 22(1), 66–76. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v22n1.2012.p65-75

Mujalipah, Rosa, H. O., & Yusriadi. (2019). Keanekaragaman Serangga Hama dan Musuh Alami pada Fase Pertumbuhan Tanaman Padi (Oryza sativa L.) di Lahan Irigasi. Jurnal Proteksi Tanaman Tropika, 2(1), 95–101. Retrieved from http://103.81.100.242/index.php/jpt/article/view/50/24

Mulyani, C., Afrizal, & Nadeak, S. V. (2017). Pengaruh Aplikasi Jenis dan Konsentrasi Pestisida Organik terhadap Pengendalian Hama Tungau Kuning (Polyphagortarsonemus latus Banks) pada Tanaman Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.). Agrosamudra, 4(1), 10–22. Retrieved from https://ejurnalunsam.id/index.php/jagrs/article/view/184

Nurindah, & Yulianti, T. (2018). Strategi Pengelolaan Serangga Hama dan Penyakit Tebu Dalam Menghadapi Perubahan Iklim. Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri, 10(1), 39–53. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/btsm.v10n1.2018.39-53

Pahlevi, M. R., Indriyani, S., Mastuti, R., & Arumingtyas, E. L. (2019). Flooding Effect To Capsicum Frutescens L. In Wilting And Death Perspectives. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2120 (July), 0300101–0300105. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5115614

Patty, J. A. (2012). Efektivitas Metil Eugenol Terhadap Penangkapan Lalat Buah (Bactrocera dorsalis) pada Pertanaman Cabai. Agrologia, 1(1), 69–75. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unpatti.ac.id/ppr_paperinfo_lnk.php?id=252

Pradhana, A. I., Mudjiono, G., & Karindah, S. (2014). Keanekaragaman Serangga dan Laba-laba pada Pertanaman Padi Organik dan Konvensional. Jurnal HPT, 2(2), 58–66. Retrieved from http://jurnalhpt.ub.ac.id/index.php/jhpt/article/view/93

Riti, E., Syukur, M., Maharijaya, A., & Hidayat, P. (2018). Keragaman Genetik 19 Genotipe Cabai Rawit Merah (Capsicum frutescens) serta Ketahanannya terhadap Kutu Daun (Aphis gossypii). Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 46(3), 290–297. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24831/jai.v46i3.20836

Sabri, Y., & Ramadhani, R. (2018). Jenis-jenis Gulma di Sekitar Pertanaman Cabai sebagai Tumbuhan Inang Trips (thysanoptera: Thripidae) di Nagari Pakan Sinayan Kec. Banuhampu Kabupaten Agam. Jurnal Pertanian UMSB, 2(1), 52–59. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33559/pertanian%20umsb.v2i1.1152

Senoaji, W., & Praptana, R. H. (2013). Interaksi Nitrogen Dengan Insidensi Penyakit Tungro dan Pengedaliannya Secara Terpadu pada Tanaman Padi. Iptek Tanaman Pangan, 8(2), 80–89. Retrieved from http://www.ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/ippan/article/view/2550/2190

Setiawati, W., Sumarni, N., Koesandriani, Y., Hasyim, A., Uhan, T. S., & Sutarya, R. (2013). Penerapan Teknologi Pengendalian Hama Terpadu pada Tanaman Cabai Merah untuk Mitigasi Dampak Perubahan Iklim (Implementation of Integrated Pest Management for Mitigation of Climate Change on Chili Peppers). Jurnal Hortikultura, 23(2), 174–183. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort/article/view/3373

Shukla, V., Parmar, K., Vaghela, K., Patel, J., Chawla, S., Patel, A., Shah, P. (2016). Persistence of Pesticides in Capsicum (Capsicum annuum L.) under Greenhouse and Open Field. Pesticide Research Journal, 28(2), 159–167. Retrieved from http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:prj&volume=28&issue=2&article=003

Sunariah, F., Herlinda, S., Irsan, C., & Windusari, Y. (2016). Kelimpahan Dan Kekayaan Artropoda Predator Pada Tanaman Padi Yang Diaplikasikan Biopestisida Bacillus thuringiensis. Jurnal Hama Dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika, 16(1), 42–50. https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.11642-50

Tambunan, G. R., Tarigan, M. U., & Lisnawita. (2013). Indeks Keanekaragaman Jenis Serangga Pada Pertanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) di Kebun Helvetia PT. Perkebunan Nusantara II. Agroteknologi, 1(4). Retrieved from https://jurnal.usu.ac.id/index.php/agroekoteknologi/article/view/4385/1957

Tanjung, M. Y., Kristalisasi, E. N., & Yuniasih, B. (2018). Keanekaragaman Hama dan Penyakit pada Tanaman Cabai Merah (Capsicum annum L.) pada Daerah Pesisir dan Dataran Rendah. Jurnal Agromast, 3(1). Retrieved from http://36.82.106.238:8885/jurnal/index.php/JAI/article/view/632

Yesi, Zen, S., & Achyani. (2019). Pengaruh Variasi Dosis Ekstrak Batang Brotowali (Trinospora crispa L.) terhadap Mortalitas Kutu Daun (Aphis gossypii L.) Tanaman Mentimun (Cucumis sativus L.) sebagai Sumber Belajar Biologi. Bioedukasi, 10(2), 162–170. https://doi.org/10.24127/bioedukasi.v10i2.2487

Published
2020-02-27
How to Cite
Kurniahu, H., Maulani, R., & Pahlevi, M. (2020). Struktur komunitas hama tiga kultivar cabai rawit pada pengaplikasian pestisida nabati. Edubiotik : Jurnal Pendidikan, Biologi Dan Terapan, 5(01), 62-70. https://doi.org/10.33503/ebio.v5i01.663
Abstract viewed = 404 times
PDF downloaded = 204 times