Ekonomi Industri Pertahanan: Konsep Dual-Use Technologies (Spin On & Spin Off) Sebagai Upaya Percepatan Kemandirian Industri Pertahanan Indonesia

Defense Industry Economy: The Concept of Dual-Use Technologies (Spin On & Spin Off) as an Effort to Accelerate the Independence of the Indonesian Defense Industry

  • Endro Tri Susdarwono Universitas Peradaban
Keywords: defense industry, dual-use technology, spin on, spin off


The purpose of this study discusses the concept of dual-use technologies (spin on and spin off) in an effort to accelerate the economic independence of the Indonesian defense industry. This research is a qualitative research, the type of research uses a comprehensive analytical study and analytical normative approach. The development of defense technology in addition to aiming at production independence that can compete with other countries' products, must also provide a multiplier effect. The strategy is clear: optimize the added value of the defense industry. To that end, the first step that must be taken is to encourage import substitution for the defense industry and, after the industry develops, the final step is to commercialize or spin off the spillover effect or defense industry multiplier effect in the form of products that can be used for civil benefit. Defense provides a direct advantage of technology and its influence on other sectors, where the spin-off is used by the civil sector which can increase growth. In developing countries, defense spending can increase growth if some portion of expenditure is used for the provision of social infrastructure. Defense spending provides protection for citizens, where internal and external security will increase exchange in the market.


Ballais, Renaud and Renelle Guichard. (2006). Defense Innovation, Technology Transfers and Public Polic. Defence and Peace Economics Journal, 17(3).

Benoit, Emile. (1978). Economic Development and Cultural Change. Journal, 26(2).

Chiang, Jong-Tsong. (1991). Technological “Spin-Off”: Its Mechanism and National Contexts, Massachusets Institute of Technolog, Massachusetts.

Choi, Younghoon dan Jang-Jae Lee. (2005). Success Factors for Transferring Technology to Spin-Off Applications; in the Case of The Technology Property Rights Concession Program in Korea. Journal of Technology Transfer, 25(1), Klewer Academic Publisher, Netherland.

Hartati, Sri, et al. (2014). Indonesian Defense Industry Model Concept: A Study Framework for Defense Industry Building. Journal of Advanced Management Science, 2(4).

Hartley, Keith. (2005) Defence Spending and Its Impact on the National Economy: A Review of the Literature and Research Issue, Centre for Defence Economics, University of York.

Karim, Silmy. (2014). Membangun Kemandirian Industri Pertahanan Indonesia, Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia, Jakarta.

Salsabiela, Bilqis Fitria. (2016). Analisis Akuisisi Teknologi Industri Pertahanan Indonesia: Studi Kasus Pengembangan Pesawat Tempur korean Fighter Xperiment/Indonesian Fighter Xperiment (Kfx/Ifx). Jurnal Pertahanan, 6(2).

Sebastian, Elly. (2015). Peningkatan Peranan Sdm Pertahanan Nasional guna Menghadapi Perang Generasi Keempat. Jurnal Pertahanan, 5(1).

Stowsky, Jay. (1997). The Dual-Use Dilemma. Issues in Science and Technology Journal, 13(2).

Supriyatno, Makmur. (2014) Tentang Ilmu Pertahanan, Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.

Taleb, Nassim. (2007) The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable, Penguin, London.

Walsh, Kathleen A. (2009). The Role, Promise, and Challenges of Dual-Use Technologies in National Defense’, dalam Richard A. Bitzinger (editor), The Modern Defense Industry, ABC-CLIO, LLC, California.

West, Robert & Thompson, Scott. (1990). Impact of Military Expenditures on Economic Development, Interim Synthesis Report Submitted to the Agency for International Development by the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.

Yusgiantoro, Purnomo. (2014). Ekonomi Pertahanan: Teori & Praktik, PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Zhou Dongming, Liu Siqi. (2014). The Impact of Defense Expenditure on Economic Productivity in APEC Countries. Reeview of the Air Force Academy, 25(1)
Abstract viewed = 829 times
PDF downloaded = 638 times